Full Outline Definitions: (1) “An argumentative essay is an essay in which you agree or disagree on an issue, using reasons to support your opinion. The goal is to convince the reader that you are right” (Oshima & Hogue 153). (2) “The argumentative essay is a genre of writing that requires the student to investigate a topic; collect, generate, and evaluate evidence; and establish a position on the topic in a concise manner.” The goal of an argumentative paper is to convince the reader that your thesis is valid based on the evidence you provide. Most textbooks cover two ways to organize persuasive arguments: Block Style and Point-by-Point Style. We will use the Point-by-Point style for our class. There are different ways to structure this type of essay, and advanced arguments can become enormously complex discussions. Below is a method of organization which is designed to simplify this type of essay as you learn about the style itself. Introductory Paragraph (5-8 sentences): Introduces the topic and prepares the reader by including ● a hook, such as a fact, quotation, or question that makes readers care about the problem. ● background information that reviews the topic in a general way and makes readers understand (1) what the topic is and (2) why the the topic is important. Think about the common perceptions and views that your readers may have about this topic. Know arguments about the issue/questions for both points of view. Know who supports each side of the issue. ● a thesis statement that states which side of an argument you are for. A thesis must be a debatable position; it cannot be just a statement of fact. Give two reasons why you have this opinion.
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